The dementia cases that can be prevented

In retrospect, the signs made sense. Doug Youngloved cars, so much so that he spent his weekends restoring them.
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Fixing up a car might take Doug a couple of weekends, but he had been working onthe latest car for several years without any progress. He was also coming home with dings on the family car, unusual for a man who cared meticulouslyfor his vehicles.

Then, in 2011, Doug was diagnosed with dementia. He became one of more than410,000 Australians with the disease, which has become the country’s second leading cause of death.

At first, Doug’s decline was gradual and the typical “Aussie bloke” who was proud, and used to doing things himself and caring for his family, became frustrated as he became less able.

A “heartbreaking” decline: Doug with Nick Young. Photo: Supplied

Then, in 2011, Doug was diagnosed with dementia. He became one of more than410,000 Australians with the disease, which has become the country’s second leading cause of death.

At first, Doug’s decline was gradual and the typical “Aussie bloke” who was proud, and used to doing things himself and caring for his family, became frustrated as he became less able.

Riders before the 2016 Ride to Remember. Photo: Supplied

“He lost the ability to drive, he lost his licence – that was a huge turning point -and then over the last few years it’s been a steady decline,” 36-year-old son, Nick explains.

Doug, 74, still remembers nursery rhymes which he sings with Nick’s 4-year-old daughter Isabelle.”Otherwise there’s no awareness of where he is or recollection of his family,” Nick says. “It’s reached the point where we are now looking for permanent care.”

Nick’s mother, who has spent the last 15 years caring first for her own mother, who also had dementia, and now her husband, is “at the end of her tether emotionally, physically and mentally”.

While themajority of dementia is not inherited, Nick fears his own fate.

“I fear, I truly fear that my wife will be doing the same thing for me. I’ll forget someone’s name or I’ll forget that I had to do something and straight away, I can’t not think maybe this is the start.”

Anew paperpublished inThe Lancethas found that one in three cases of dementia can potentially be prevented and we need to start thinking about it early.

Dementia may be considered a disease of the elderly, and it is true that it usually occurs in people aged over 65 years, but what we do when we are much younger can affect our likelihood of getting it.

The Lancetrecommendations for improvingbrain health and minimisingthe risk ofdementiaare: increasing education (past the age of 15), physical activity and social engagement while reducing smoking and obesity, treating blood pressure, depression, diabetes, and hearing impairment.

Until a cure is found for dementia, Nick Young wants to raise awareness and money for Alzheimer’s Australia. Last September he and friend Pierre, whose mother has dementia, began a155 kilometre annual cycle, theBondi2Berry Ride to Remember.

People they had been cycling with for years signed up for the ride, revealing they also had a parent or grandparent with dementia.

“These were close friends we’d known for years and years and years,” Nick says. “At no point would we know that they had been affected by dementia, or likewise my dad or Pierre’s mum.

“That emphasised it even more to us – people everywhere are affected and noone talks about it… I wasn’t going to blurt out my dad’s got dementia and he doesn’t remember me.”

It is heartbreaking to watch, Nick says, and heartbreaking that others also have to see their loved ones go through the same thing.

“It shouldn’t be happening and it shouldn’t be happening to anyone.”

START EARLY”We should think about prevention in childhood and consider education and lay the grounds for a brain healthy lifestyle,” says lead author Professor Gill Livingston of University College London.

“The number of people with dementia is increasing due to the ageing population with the welcome reduction in premature morbidity. This is happening in all countries.

“However the rates per 1000 older people is reducing in some high income countries and this is in the more highly educated. This is probably because education confers some physical brain resilience and makes people more likely to change their behaviour in a healthy way.”

OBESITY, DIABETES AND BLOOD PRESSUREAddressing cognitive function through education makes sense, but how do factors like obesity, diabetes or blood pressure play a part?

“We think weight and other such factors work mainly by decreasing blood flow to the brain and increasing insulin resistance so the brain is bathed in excess sugar,” Livingston explains.

HEARING LOSSThe researchers are unsure about why hearing loss, which has not previously been considered a risk factor, might result in cognitive decline but say multiple studies have found “even mild levels of hearing loss increase the long-term risk of cognitive decline and dementia”.

“Hearing loss might either add to the cognitive load of a vulnerable brain leading to changes in the brain, or lead to social disengagement or depression and accelerated atrophy, all of which could contribute to accelerated cognitive decline,” they suggest.

EXERCISE”No randomised trials are available to show that exercise prevents cognitive decline or dementia, but observational studies have found an inverse relation between exercise and risk of dementia,” the authors say, adding that its benefits include improved balance, reducing the risk of falling, improving mood, function and lifespan.

SMOKING”The association with cognitive impairment might be due to the link between smoking and cardiovascular pathology, but cigarette smoke also contains neurotoxins, which heighten the risk,” the authors explain.

DEPRESSIONThere is debate about whether depression contributes to the risk of dementia or is a symptom of dementia (it is believed that more than 20 per cent of those diagnosed have depression). While research findings vary, the authors suggest there is reason to believe it may be a possible cause.

“It is biologically plausible that depression increases dementia risk because it affects stress hormones, neuronal growth factors, and hippocampal volume,” they say. “Antidepressant prescriptions have increased in the past three decades and this increase is hypothesised to affect dementia incidence since animal data suggest that some antidepressants, including citalopram, decrease amyloid production.”

SOCIAL ENGAGEMENT”Evidence is growing that social isolation is a risk factor for dementia and it increases the risk of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and depression,” the authors explain. “Social isolation might also result in cognitive inactivity, which is linked to faster cognitive decline and low mood. All these are risk factors for dementia themselves, which highlights the importance of considering the social engagement of older people and not only their physical and mental health.”

ABOUT DEMENTIADementia (derived from the Latin words de (out of) and mens (mind)) is characterised by a decline in cognitive level that affects activities of daily living or social functioning. Itaffects about 47 million people worldwide and this number is projected to triple by 2050.

Dementia is usually preceded by mild cognitive (where complex tasks can still be completed) impairment and the boundary between the two is grey.

Alzheimer’s disease is the most common type of dementia, but there are many different kinds.

Healthier lifestyles are associated with declining prevalence of cognitive impairment and dementia.While there is no cure, there is “good potential for prevention”.

To find out more about the Bondi2Berry Ride to Remember on September 9 or make a tax deductable donation,please visitbondi2berry南京夜网/donate

Stone’s Giant step forward

FORMER Knights coach Rick Stone has steered Huddersfield into the Super League play-offs – just 12 months after he saved them from relegation.
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Last week’s 26-4 win over Leigh Centurions was the Giants’ sixth in seven games and lifted them toseventh, guaranteeing a berth in the Super 8’s this year.

“We have probably used 34 or 35 players and everyone has worked pretty hard, diligently, over a long period of time this year,’’ Stone said.

“We’ve had some times where we thought that it’s a long way up from where we were.

“We stuck at it, we stuck together, and we’ve gradually found a bit of belief and the last 10or 12weeks have been good.”

Stone was sacked by the Knights 18 games into the 2015 NRL season –his second stint in the head-coaching role – and was working ina part-time assistant’s position with the Roosters before he accepted the job with Huddersfield.

He has spent much of the past 12 months on the other side of the world to his wife and three sons, who remain based in Belmont.

“My familyare still at home and I miss them every day,” he said. “I missed watching my young bloke [Knights back-rower Sam Stone] make his NRL debut,which was tough, and I certainly miss living onLake Macquarie.”

It was a sacrifice the 50-year-oldfelt he had to make to pursue his career.

“I have really enjoyed my time since I have been here,” Stone said.

“Great people, terrific fans and a good style of rugby leagueto coach, play and watch.

“The depth is a bit thinner, considering there is not as many kids playing rugby league over here as there is in Australia.

“Not having a reserve grade is something a bit different and we have struggled to get our young lads a game.”

One of Stone’s early decisions was to recruit formerKnights fullback Jake Mamo, who started late after ankle surgery but repaid the faith with 12 tries in eight games.

But in a devastating blow for the club, Mamo suffered a foot injury earlier this monthand was ruled out for the remainder of the season.

“Jake has done an outstanding job here since he got over his [original] foot injury,” Stone said.

“On and off the fieldhe has been a big part of our mid-season revival here at theGiants.”

Stone said Mamo was an example of the opportunities available for import players in Super League.

“It’s a great experience for young players to travel the world and experience another culture,” he said.

“But the criteria over here is strict .

“You must play a high percentage of NRL games over your previous twoyears to get a visa.”

PROGRESS: Former Knights coach Rick Stone has steered Huddersfield into the Super League play-offs. Picture: Jonathan Carroll

New Liberal line-up firms

New Liberal line-up firms MAYORAL RUN: A Liberal party internal document names David Compton, pictured left,, as the party’s lord mayoral candidate. Picture: Max Mason-Hubers
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‘THINKING ABOUT IT’: Newcastle communications consultant Kath Elliott is considering running for Newcastle council. Picture: Max Mason-Hubers

INCLUDED: Stalwart Liberal party Newcastle councillor Brad Luke is tipped to run again at the local government elections in September. Picture: Peter Stoop

TweetFacebookNewcastle Herald.

The sitting ward four councillor and owner of construction firm Compton Projects failed to make inroads contesting the safe federal Labor seat, losing by 18 per cent of the vote.

Butwith high-profile Hunter conservatives such as former lord mayorJeff McCloy and former Paterson federal Liberal MPBob Baldwin declining to enter the race so far as independents, the Liberals mayconsiderit worthwhilerunninga mayoral candidate.

The Herald madeattemptsto contact Cr Compton on Wednesday. Also among the apparent Liberalnominees areLachlan Stronach, the son of developer Keith Stronach, party stalwarts Brad Luke and Sharon Waterhouse, and younger members Taylor Wright, Blake Keating and Hannah Eves.

Missing isformer Shortland federal candidateJohn Church,anex-NBN newsreader and nowhead of marketing at Newcastle real estate firm PRD whowas said to be favouredby senior party figuresforhis name recognition and policy nous.

Communicationsconsultant Kath Elliott also confirmed she isconsidering running for council.

“Of course I’m always thinking about it, I’ve done it before, but I haven’t made up my mind,” she said when contacted.

Ms Elliott contested the ward three byelection as an independentin 2015and was defeatedby Labor’s Declan Clausen byabout four per cent of the vote.

Controversy hit that contestwhen a pamphlet authorisedby the Labor party and widely distributed on the eve of the election questioned Ms Elliott’s political ties and included a photo of her superimposed with then Prime Minister Tony Abbott and MrMcCloy.

A phone survey conducted this month forthe Australian Hotels Association polled Newcastlevoters aboutfigures it framed as being tied to the upcoming elections.

The poll canvassed opinion onGreens councillor Michael Osborne, state Labor leader Luke Foley, former NBN presenter Mike Rabbitt,independent councillor Allan Robinson,lord mayor Nuatali Nelmes,Newcastle nightlife campaigner Tony Brown, former Liberal state and federal candidate Karen Howard, NSW Premier Gladys Berejiklian, Cr Luke,Mr McCloy and Mr Baldwin.

Jail urged for Wilson despite poor health

The most senior Catholic official in the world to be convicted of concealing child sex crimes must be jailed to send a message that institutional cover-ups will no longer be tolerated, a NSW court has heard.
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Adelaide Archbishop Philip Wilson stood aside but refused to resign after he was found guilty in May of failing to report to police the repeated abuse of two altar boys.

Magistrate Robert Stone on Tuesday said the archbishop would be sentenced in early July.

Pedophile priest James Fletcher indecently assaulted Peter Creigh on multiple occasions in the NSW Hunter region during the 1970s but when the child reported it to Wilson the clergyman did nothing.

Prosecutor Gareth Harrison said there was a “breach of trust” between the vulnerable youngster who – along with another altar boy – came forward in 1976.

“A 15-year-old boy came to him for help … this wasn’t a split-second decision,” the prosecutor told Wilson’s sentencing hearing at Newcastle Local Court on Tuesday.

“He thought he’d gotten away with this for all those years.

“He lied and the root of each of those lies is the unflinching loyalty to the Catholic church and protecting it at all costs.”

Mr Harrison argued the 67-year-old should be locked up to deter other religious leaders, to denounce the conduct and to recognise the harm done to the victims.

Defence barrister Ian Temby QC argued Wilson may not survive being jailed which would likely worsen the senior cleric’s many chronic illnesses and put him at risk of violence from fellow inmates.

Wilson suffers from diabetes, heart and Alzheimer’s disease and depression, which would further deteriorate behind bars and “may even threaten his survival”, Mr Temby said.

But Mr Harrison noted there was no evidence to suggest Wilson would be attacked in jail and his medical condition wasn’t an excuse for him to escape punishment.

“Ill health cannot be a licence to commit a crime,” he said.

The archbishop’s legal team argued he should instead be given a good behaviour bond. The offence carries a maximum two-year jail term.

Mr Temby stressed Wilson was a trailblazer in introducing church police checks and compliance systems in Australia.

“The offender is not just a man who has no prior convictions but is, in fact, a man of prior positive good character with particular reference to the general field of prevention of child sexual abuse,” Mr Temby said.

Fletcher was found guilty in December 2004 of nine counts of child sexual abuse. He died in jail of a stroke in January 2006.

The magistrate rejected claims by Wilson that he could not remember the children’s allegations.

Wilson stood aside from the Adelaide archdiocese following his conviction in May and said if it became necessary for him to resign he would do so.

The hearing continues with Mr Stone to reserve his sentencing decision until July 3.

Australian Associated Press

Burston comfortable with Clive Palmer

Former One Nation senator Brian Burston (L) says he is comfortable joining Clive Palmer’s party.Former One Nation senator Brian Burston says he is “very comfortable” joining Clive Palmer’s new political party, despite his new leader’s chequered history.
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Senator Burston officially quit Pauline Hanson’s party on Monday and immediately announced he would be part of Mr Palmer’s rebadged United Australia Party.

“We will unite Australia and we will bring integrity back into the Senate,” Senator Burston told reporters in Canberra on Monday.

At a chaotic press conference at Parliament House, Labor MP Cathy O’Toole heckled Mr Palmer about former Queensland Nickel workers who say he owes them money.

“I don’t owe anyone anything in north Queensland,” Mr Palmer said.

Mr Palmer blamed the liquidators for any missing money, and said he planned to reopen his Townsville nickel refinery.

He is also facing criminal charges in Queensland, which he did not comment on.

Senator Burston said he was “very comfortable” standing next to Mr Palmer, even with his former workers complaining about not being paid.

“That issue is before the courts and I am not in a position to comment and I won’t comment,” Senator Burston said.

Mr Palmer later confirmed he was interested in running for the north Queensland seat of Herbert, which Ms O’Toole won in 2016.

He previously held the seat of Fairfax from 2013 to 2016.

Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull did not comment on Senator Burston’s defection.

“As far as Mr Palmer is concerned, I guess all I can say is we have seen that film before,” Mr Turnbull told reporters.

Australian Associated Press

Heat on Qld’s Wallace after second chance

The heat is on Jarrod Wallace to step up after being given a “second chance” for Origin II.The heat is on Jarrod Wallace to step up after Queensland gave the maligned prop a “second chance” in Sunday’s must win State of Origin game two in Sydney.
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Gold Coast forward Wallace came under fire after an underwhelming display in the Maroons’ 22-12 game one loss in Melbourne, registering just 43m from five runs according to NRL南京夜网.

There was speculation Wallace would even be axed from a rejigged Maroons pack with Melbourne’s Tim Glasby and Brisbane’s Joe Ofahengaue knocking on the door.

Selectors kept the faith when they named Wallace in the Maroons’ 18-strong game two squad on Monday.

However, it came with a warning.

“Jarrod has a second chance,” Maroons selectors’ boss Gene Miles said.

“We all know what his (game one) stats were – it’s not ideal. We expect a lot more from our front rowers.

“I said before game one if our front rowers don’t play well we don’t win and that certainly hasn’t changed.”

Miles hoped Wallace responded in game two just like he did in the Titans’ match two days after the Gold Coast prop’s Origin I fizzer.

Spurred on by his Origin frustration, Wallace ran 168m and made 40 tackles in the Titans’ 18-16 NRL round 14 loss to South Sydney.

“He went out a couple of nights after Origin and played the house down for the Titans,” Miles said.

“Let’s just hope he can repeat that performance because that is what we are expecting of him.”

There was speculation Maroons lock Josh McGuire may be injected into the starting front row to add mongrel but Queensland coach Kevin Walters defended Wallace’s series-opening effort.

“There was some criticism around Jarrod Wallace which I thought was unfair,” Walters said.

“Sure, he only had the five carries and needs to do more there but defensively I thought he was really good.”

The Maroons are sweating on Wallace’s front row partner, fiery prop Dylan Napa (ankle), who must prove his fitness by Wednesday.

Glasby is on standby.

“Obviously we would miss his aggression and you want to throw a little bit of fear into NSW forward pack,” Miles said of the prospect of losing Napa.

“But let’s just be on the positive side and say we are very hopeful he can pass that test and be in the team.”

Australian Associated Press

Maroons turn to hardman Gillmeister

Jacob Lillyman (left) talks to Trevor Gillmeister, Queensland’s ‘Minister for Defence’.In his playing days, Trevor Gillmeister was known as The Axe.
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But Queensland have given him a new moniker ahead of Sunday’s must-win State of Origin game two in Sydney – the Minister for Defence.

The Maroons have turned to former hard man Gillmeister to plug their defensive leaks after Queensland missed a staggering 55 tackles in their 22-12 game one loss in Melbourne.

Ex-Queensland skipper Gillmeister earned his colourful nickname for his uncanny ability to chop down opponents and his tackling style will be drilled into the Maroons from their first training session on Wednesday.

“We won’t win a game if we miss 50 tackles,” Queensland selectors’ boss Gene Miles said.

“I think the emphasis early on at camp will be defence.

“But we’ve got the Minister for Defence Trevor Gillmeister in relation to tackling technique and positional play so he will obviously play a fair role in our preparation this time.”

Queensland coach Kevin Walters was confident Billy Slater would also help revamp their defence by marshalling the troops from fullback after returning from a hamstring injury.

Slater is set to play Origin No.30 after pulling out just days before game one at the MCG due to the injury.

Walters said Melbourne’s Tim Glasby was another potential solution to their defensive woes.

Glasby is on standby for prop Dylan Napa (ankle) who must prove his fitness by Wednesday.

Glasby impressed in the final two games of last year’s series, helping Queensland stiffen their defence and bounce back from a record home loss to claim yet another series win.

“We need to stop NSW from scoring points and I couldn’t think of a better man to do that than Tim Glasby in the middle of the field,” Walters said.

Walters said the Maroons were confident of shutting down game one man of the match – NSW fullback James Tedesco – after doing the same to Blues forward Andrew Fifita last year.

Fifita inspired NSW’s record 28-4 game one triumph at Suncorp Stadium before the Maroons muscled up to claim their 11th series win in 12 years.

“After Andrew Fifita ran through us in game one…we fixed it up in game two last year and that has to be our mentality for this team as well,” Walters said.

Australian Associated Press

Belgium pushed before rolling over Panama

Unlike the other World Cup favourites that struggled through their opening matches, Belgium looked every part the title contender.
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Having Dries Mertens and Romelu Lukaku capable of scoring the way they did against Panama helps.

“People know I am supposed to score goals,” Lukaku said. “The most important thing to me is to win matches.”

Lukaku scored twice in a six-minute span in the second half after Mertens’ perfectly struck volley gave Belgium the lead, as the Red Devils beat overmatched Panama 3-0 to top Group G.

Saddled with massive expectations and a line-up of talent the envy of other teams in the tournament, Belgium showed flashes of being a team worthy of being world champions.

A shaky first-half performance by Belgium was replaced by a confident, attacking group in the second that was finally able to find gaps in Panama’s defenve and convert those chances into goals.

“In the World Cup you have to play 90 minutes,” Belgium coach Roberto Martinez said.

“You have to be aware that in any game you go into, if you don’t score early on, you have to be prepared to work hard and go through periods in which you are tested.”

The two goals from Lukaku came shortly after Mertens scored from about 18 yards in the opening moments of the second half, finally relieving some pressure after Belgium was unable to break down Panama for the first 45 minutes.

Lukaku’s first goal came 20 minutes later, but the pass from Kevin De Bruyne made it possible. Rather than shooting through a crowd of Panama defenders, De Bruyne cut a pass with the outside of his right foot onto Lukaku’s head and into the net.

Lukaku added a second on a breakaway minutes later, chipping Panama goalkeeper Jaime Penedo as he left his net.

“For me it’s important to have the right line in the box,” Lukaku said. “Usually I’m in the right position at the right time.”

Panama played their style – physical, aggressive, sometimes looking more like wrestling than soccer – and managed to hang with the Red Devils for longer than expected.

They were called for 18 of the game’s 35 fouls and shown five yellow cards of the eight dished out.

But they never created threatening scoring chances and eventually Belgium took complete control.

“We are a team that is very organised, we play tactically,” coach Hernan Dario Gomez said.

“Sometimes we may look tough but the other teams are tough and physically strong as well.”

Panama need a result against England, who edged Tunisia 2-1, in their next game to keep their tournament hopes alive.

Belgium will be favoured to account for Tunisia as the group’s big guns eye off a battle for top spot in the final group game.

Australian Associated Press

Unapologetic Trump digs in on immigration

President Donald Trump says the US will not become a ‘migrant camp’ as he defends his policy.US President Donald Trump has defended his administration’s border-protection policies in the face of rising national outrage over the forced separation of migrant children from their parents.
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Calling for tough action against illegal immigration, Trump declared the US “will not be a migrant camp” on his watch.

Images of children held in fenced cages fuelled a growing chorus of condemnation from both political parties, four former first ladies and national evangelical leaders.

The children are being held separately from parents who are being prosecuted under the administration’s “zero-tolerance” policy for illegal border crossings.

Trump on Monday falsely blamed Democrats – the minority party in Washington – for obstructing legislation to fix the situation. In fact, it was Trump’s administration that broke with longstanding practice of processing migrant families in civil, rather than criminal, proceedings that allow families to be held together.

“I say it’s very strongly the Democrats’ fault,” Trump said Monday as his administration rejected criticism that the policy has resulted in inhuman and immoral conditions.

Nearly 2000 children were separated from their families over a six-week period in April and May after Attorney-General Jeff Sessions announced the new “zero-tolerance” policy that refers all cases of illegal entry for criminal prosecution.

Prior procedure had limited prosecution for many family entrants, in part because regulations prohibit detaining children with their parents since the children are not charged with a crime and the parents are.

The policy change was meant to deter unlawful crossings – and Sessions issued a warning last month to those entering the US illegally that their children “inevitably for a period of time might be in different conditions.”

Audio of sobbing children calling out for their parents dominated the discussion Monday. “Papa! Papa!” one child is heard weeping in an audio file that was first reported by the nonprofit ProPublica and later provided to The Associated Press.

Administration officials said they do not like the family separations either – calling it the result of legal loopholes – but insist migrants who arrive illegally simply won’t be released or loosely kept track of.

“The United States will not be a migrant camp and it will not be a refugee holding facility,” Trump declared. “Not on my watch.”

But the White House signalled it would oppose any narrow fix aimed solely at addressing the plight of children separated from their parents under the immigration crackdown. Press secretary Sarah Sanders said Trump’s priorities, like funding a border wall and tightening immigration laws, must also be fulfilled as part of any legislation.

“We want to fix the whole thing,” she said. “We don’t want to tinker with just part of it.”

The administration is hoping to force Democrats to vote for the bills or bear some of the political cost in November’s midterm elections.

Trump’s commitment to the current policy showed no sign of faltering as voices of outrage and condemnation grew louder and more diverse.

Australian Associated Press

Thousands honour Eurydice Dixon in vigils across the country

Emotions ran high during a candle-lit march honouring Eurydice Dixon and other victims of violence as hundreds of Ballarat residents took part in one of 20 vigils held simultaneously across the country. Photo: Mark SmithThey came in their thousands to honour 22-year-old Eurydice Dixon, who is alleged to have been murdered.
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For Sarah Robinson, 21, the murder of Eurydice Dixon in Carlton’s Princes Park last week hit close to home.

Janet RobinsonBallarat march and vigil to remember Eurydice DixonPost by Ballarat march and vigil to remember Eurydice Dixon.

Bendigo vigil for Eurydice Dixon discusses women’s right to feel safe in public spacesOrganiser of the event in Bendigo, Stacey Dean, said it was important to reclaimthe public space following the alleged rape and murder of 22-year-old Eurydice Dixon in Carlton last week.

“Rosalind Park is a big, beautiful park in the middle of town and a lot of women don’t feel safe walking through here at nightin part because of sexualassaults that have occurred in this park,” she said.

Bendigo’s vigil on Monday night.

Ms Dean said she had never organised a community event like this before.

“Aswomen especially, we have been victims ourselves or know survivors of attacks like what Eurydice went through,” she said.

“The main driver for me was that we need to speak up about itand do things about it to make people aware.

“I thought it might have been me and a few friends. I wasn’t prepared to organise something of this scale but I’m glad people are coming out for it and show their support. It means a lot.”

Read more from Bendigo Bendigo’s vigil on Monday night.

Taking action against violence at Reclaim the Park solidarity vigilSupport, respect and a gentle resistance were felt at the Reclaim the Park solidarity vigil held for Melbourne women Eurydice Dixon following her rape and murder last week.

Alison Butcher organised the event to allow the community to make a stand.

“As a woman, you have a right to walk safely and not worry about, whether you have your car keys in your hand or if you can run in your shoes,” she said.

Read more from Devonport Devonport was one of the many vigils held across Australia to show solidarity against violence to women. Picture: Rebecca Morris

Silent vigil held in Launceston for Eurydice DixonOne week ago thename Eurydice Dixon would not likely have meant much to Tasmanians.

But on Monday night, thousands around the nation came together to celebrate her life after the comedian was killed in inner-city Melbournewhile walking home from a gig last week.

More than 100 people attended a candlelit vigil in Prince’s Square in Launceston. The vigil was organised by three local 18-year-olds and a 25-year-old formerly from Melbourne.

Read more from LauncestonWarrnambool pays tribute to Melbourne comedian Eurydice and Sydney woman Qi YuWarrnambool woman Esmae Gray joined a crowd of more than 50 paying tribute to Eurydice and Qi Yu on Monday night.

The former Melbourne woman wrapped in winter clothing, lita candle and left a hand-written note for herchildhood friend.

Ms Graysaid hearing the news of Ms Dixon’s murder had taken days for her to mentally process and she was horrified it had takenplace in such familiar territory.

“Rydi was my friend’s baby sister and we allwent to the same school,” she said.“I have walked that same park so many times myself.”

The silentvigil held at the city’s Civic Green was one ofdozens held across Australia.

Read more from WarrnamboolEurydice Dixon remembered at Wodonga reclaim the park eventReclaiming public spaces is about breakingthe public and internalised idea that a woman’s behaviour contributes to a murder, rape or assault, one survivor of rape told those gathered at Monday night’sReclaim the Park event in Wodonga.

Hundreds gathered for a candlelit vigil simultaneously held across the state in memory of Eurydice Dixon and in protest of victim-blaming culture.

The Wodonga event. Photo: Mark Jesser

Eurydicewas raped and murdered in Melbourne’s Princes Park on her way home last Monday.

Erin McCallum, 26, said rape and murder can happen at anytime of the day, with the majority of rapes and murders committednot by strangers in the dark, but by someone known.

She hoped people gainedunderstanding about the impact of victim-blaming through her speech.

“It happened to me in the day, in the middle of Wodonga, not at night in a dark creepy alley,” she said.

“Victim-blaming makes you become your own worst enemy, your inner dialogue is saying ‘you could have done this or that’

“But it wasn’t my fault. It wasn’t Eurydice’s fault. No one this hashappened to has it been their fault, we need to hold people accountable for their actions, not blame women.”

Read more from Albury-Wodonga The Wodonga event. Photo: Mark Jesser

Philippines overturns Aust nun expulsion

The Philippines has overturned an order for the deportation of Australian nun Patricia Fox.The Philippines justice department has overturned an order for the deportation of Australian nun Sister Patricia Fox.
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Justice Department Secretary Menardo Guevarra on Monday determined the cancellation of her missionary visa was without legal basis.

Fox, 71, from the Sisters of Our Lady of Sion, was arrested on April 16 and detained for 22 hours for purportedly being involved in partisan political protests.

She was subsequently ordered to leave the Philippines by May 25, but Guevarra announced a reprieve on the day of the deadline pending a review of her case.

Her deportation was put on hold until Monday.

Sr Fox had claimed a lack of due process and denied that her involvement in human rights campaigns breached the terms of her missionary visa.

“What the Bureau of Immigration did in this case is beyond what the law provides, that is why it has to be struck down,” Guevarra said.

The Australian nun, who grew up in Melbourne and obtained a law degree at the University of NSW in Sydney, has been a missionary in the Philippines since 1990.

The deportation bid against Sr Fox came amid a wider clampdown on critics of incumbent President Rodrigo Duterte.

A spokeswoman for Sr Fox said there was still a case to be pursued against the deportation order even though the revoking of her missionary visa had been cancelled.

“But for now, Sister Fox can stay in the Philippines,” she said.

Sr Fox welcomed Monday’s decision.

“I will continue to fight the deportation case,” she said.

“I want to stay here to work for the poor.”

Australian Associated Press

Newcastle child sexual assault case:’Naming and shaming’ on social media can affect how a matter proceeds in court

THE sexual assault of a child is confronting and sickening to any person who recognises the specialvulnerability of children, and their lack of defences when adults abuse their power.
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It is why the Australian public so strongly supported establishment of theRoyal Commission into Institutional Responses to Child Sexual Abuse in 2012. As a community we said yes to a five-year inquiry that was, at its heart, about the rights of the child to remain innocent,safe,loved and respected.

It is also why there is a lot of emotion about court cases involving the sexual assault of children, particularly now that the royal commission has laid bare the potential lifelong impacts of such crimes.

RELATED: Naming and shaming could complicate a trial and land you in legal trouble

The Australian community was shocked last week at reports an 11-year-old girl was abducted at Adamstown Heights on her way to school and sexually assaulted over a number of hours. The police response was immediate and comprehensive. The community responded well by providing police with a lot of information.

Aman was charged over the weekend and will appear in court on Wednesday.

On social media sites the accusedman has been named, photos of him have been posted, and he’s been declaredguilty by some members of the public. People have made extreme suggestions about what should happen to him.

On social media sites a man has been named, photos of him have been posted, and he’s been declared guilty. People have made extreme suggestions about what should happen to him. Picture: AP Photo/Matt Rourke

In some posts people have acknowledged that identifying the accused man on social media might prejudice thetrial. But they have justified their posts on “naming and shaming” grounds, or as a show of support for the child and her family.

There is no indication any of the comments have been made by people who know the family, or have any direct knowledge of the incident.

In court on Sunday a registrar agreed to a defence lawyer’s request to place a non-publicationorder over the charged man’s identity, based on an argument he could be at risk while in custody.

The prosecution opposed the suppression order but the registrar agreed with the defence.

The problem here is that people on social media who “nameand shame” individuals in these kinds of cases are in breach of the non-publication order and handdefence lawyersarguments on a plate. And in my experience these suppression order requests are becoming more common.

But I also strongly urge people not to take matters into their own hands. “Naming and shaming”, while it might provide some emotional release, really can affect how a matter proceeds in court. It really can prove a problem.

The mob rule approach can also get things terribly wrong. There have been appalling cases where social media posters have named completely innocent people, with tragicresults.

I’m not arguing that the criminal justice system has provided justice to all child sexual abuse victims in the past. The royal commission made clear just how many obstacles there were to overcome. It also provided 85 recommendations for change to address those obstacles, and the states appear to be responding well to those recommendations.

What I am arguing is that the rule of law matters, and the right to a fair trial based on the fundamental principle of a person being presumed innocent until proven guilty.

The abduction of a child is a shocking thing. But it is worth remembering that only a small minority of child sexual assaults involve people not known to the child.

The vast majority involve a parent, relative, family friend, acquaintance or neighbour.

At a media conference last week Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull urged Australians to “speak up” if they have suspicions aboutchildren being abused. In that situation we are protecting children. We are being members of the village raising the child.

But the “speaking up” was about alerting authorities like police. It was about being alert to warning signs and not looking the other way. It was not about taking matters into our own hands.

Social media posting might allow people to let off steam, but it is inherently dangerous.

The young girl and her family are entitled to our strong community support,and our restraint, during what is already a very difficult time.

Newcastle Herald

Robin went into Bomaderry aged care for two weeks. She didn’t make it out alive

Arthur Kirby wants to know why his wife’s pneumonia wasn’t detected until the day she died. A day never goes by when Arthur Kirby doesn’t regret the decision to place his wife Robin into respite care at Opal Aged Care in Bomaderry.
Nanjing Night Net

He’d cared for his wife of 56 years for the past eight years as Pick’s disease, an aggressive form of dementia, took hold.

In December 2017, she developed a urinary tract infection and Arthur decided a two-week stay at the aged care facility would see her course of antibiotics administered and would give him a break from the exertions of being Robin’s primary carer.

Robin Kirby, photographed in 2008.

She was admitted on December 19. The summary of care from Shoalhaven District Memorial Hospital described her as “very comfortable at rest withnormal vital signs. Chest was clear and abdomen soft with some tenderness in the suprapubic region.”

Seven weeks later, on February 5, 2018, Robin was dead, struck down by hypostatic pneumonia, a disease associated with invalid and bedridden patients.

Stunned by her sudden death, and determined to get to the bottom of it, Arthurbegan a lengthy battle with Opal Aged Care to have her care notes released to him.

Read more:Marco Polo Unanderra failed to meet national standards of care

The corporation initially told him the notes were its property and would only be released by way of a court subpoena. For weeks, he went from agency to agency, trying to force the hand of Opal.

“All I wanted was truth and justice,” he says, stifling sobs.He is man who was clearly devoted to his wife.

Only after the intercession of the South Coast Register, Opal changed its tune and said its legal counsel had instructed the records should be made available to the executor of Robin’s will. The executor was Arthur.

The unnecessary fight for the records simply lumped one trauma on top of another for the 82-year-old.

“What I went through just to get Robin’s records was horrendous. To be asked for subpoena, I should never have been put through that,” he says.

Those records raise serious questions about the care Robin received when she was in the care of Opal.

On the day of her death, at 7.47am, the doctor’s note says: “RLL chest infection, possiblypneumonia.” There is a prescription for Zinnat and Rulide followed by “D/W [discuss with] spouse re advance directive and decision to transfer to SDMH [Shoalhaven Hospital]for CXR [chest X-ray].”

At 6.33pm, just 11 hours later, another doctor’s note says “End stage hypostatic pneumonia. D/W spouse palliation with Morphine, Midazolam and Buscopan as charted.”

Then, at 9.33pm:“Ceased breathing @ 9pm”. And: “Hypostatic pneumonia 1 week.”

There is no mention of pneumonia anywhere else in Robin’s records.

“In a matter of 13 and a half hours Robin went from possibly having pneumonia to dying from hypostatic pneumonia which she’d had for a week,” Arthur says.

“The first I knew about pneumonia was when I saw it written on her death certificate.

“I want the truth. Why wasn’t Robbie in hospital to save her life? It’s unforgivable.”

The decision to send her to the nursing home will haunt Arthurfor the rest of his days.

“We’d made a pact that as long as I was alive she’d never be put into a nursing home,” he said.

“She was only meant to go in for two weeks but ended up staying for seven.”

Arthur suspects his wife’s decline from December to February was becauseofthe regime of care to which she was subjected.

On the first morning he visited, he was horrified to find his wife confined to a “tub” or “comfort” chair, a device for the immobile.

“It was the start of the nightmare,” he says.

“I made it clear from the start that I didn’t want her in one of those horrible contraptions.

“They never took my concerns into consideration.”

The physiotherapist notefrom December 20 reads: “Robin is to be transferred with full body lifter yellow medium arjo toilet sling to comfort chair, so she can be supervised. May go for short walks with Ax 2 physio staff and pelican belt.”

Arthur cannot understand this assessment. He had managed on his own to ensure Robin was walked daily. The slings and lifters would have terrified his wife, he says.

“I never had the opportunity to tell the physio staff about how best to manage Robbie’s care,” he says.

“They wouldn’t even let me show them how I got her out of bed every day. If they had, she would not have had her stay prolonged.”

Before she was admitted into Opal, Arthur cared for Robin in a two-storey home in Callala Beach.

Every day, he managed to have her walk at least 25 metres before settling her in a lounge chair.

“Pick’s disease is a terrible thing. It takes things away from you, simple things like being able to cough. Robbie had no short term memory, she couldn’t blow her nose –she forgot how to.

“She never lost her ability to read, nor did she lose her ability to understand. She losther ability to talk. Our communication was by eye contact, a look, a smile.

“These people didn’t understand that because I never got the opportunity to tell them.”

Every morning Arthur would manage, with gentle reassurance, to coax Robin up out of bed. He’d clear her upper respiratory system of mucus by gently patting her back and chest. He’d wash and dress her unassisted.

He says he knew better than anyone the best way to care for his wife but insists no one at the nursing home would listen.

“They used the tub chair simply because they didn’t know a better way to manage Robbie because they didn’t discuss it with me.”

Arthur suspects the care given to his wife contributed to her growing immobility, prolonged stay and ultimate death.

A physiotherapist’s note on January 10 says: “Unable to walk Robin in pm [afternoon] as resistive and wanted to sit down as soon as we stood her up. Knees bent so sat back down in comfort chair and positioned for comfort.”

Arthur maintains he kept telling the physiotherapist that he could coax Robin to walk but was not allowed to show her how.

“She just needed coaxing and reassurance being in a strange place.”

There are other serious questions Arthur wants answered from his reading of his wife’s care records.

He wants to know why on February 3 the doctor’s note states, in part: “no effect from Sinemet Rx cease Sinemet trial”.

Sinemet is a drug prescribed for the treatment of symptoms of Parkinson’s disease, includingmuscle stiffness,tremors, spasms, and poor muscle control.

Arthur says he was never advised she was being given the drug.

“Why was this done without my knowledge or approval?I was Robbie’s husband, guardian and carer.”

He wants to know why he managed to ensure Robin got more exercise when under his care at home than she did at an aged care facility.

He wants to know why the first he heard about pneumonia was on the day Robin died.

Why was the disease not picked up beforehandand treated?

“I was Robbie’s primary carer for eight years but I was never consulted about how she should be cared for.

“I managed for eight years to look after her. She would still be alive if she had been properly cared for in that place,” he says.

Shortly after being approached by Fairfax Media, we put a long list of questions to Opal Aged Care.

Those questions were sidelined by the discussionofwho had rights to Robin’s care records and remain unanswered.This is despite an assurance on May 17 that the answers to our questions would be forthcoming.

Gilmore MP Ann Sudmalis took the issue to Aged Care Minister Ken Wyatt.

Meanwhile, Arthur Kirby has lodged complaints with the Aged Care Complaints Commission and the Health Care Complaints Commission.

South Coast Register